advisor for childrens rights at Human Rights Watch. This evidence
of torture and abuse of children by ISIS underlines why no one
should support their criminal enterprise.
Ana Sayfa -----
Kurdish children from the Syrian
city of Kobani (or Ain al-`Arab in Arabic) were tortured and abused
while detained by Islamic State (also known as ISIS), Human Rights
Watch said today. Four children gave detailed accounts of the
suffering they endured while held for four months with about 100
The children, aged 14 to 16, were among 153 Kurdish boys whom ISIS
abducted on May 29, 2014, as they traveled home to Kobani. According
to Syrian Kurdish officials and media reports, ISIS released the
last 25 of the children on October 29. Interviewed one by one in
Turkey, where they had fled to safety after ISIS released them in
late September, the four boys described enduring repeated beatings
with a hose and electric cable, as well as being forced to watch
videos of ISIS beheadings and attacks.
Since the beginning of the Syrian uprising, children have suffered
the horrors of detention and torture, first by the Assad government
and now by ISIS, said
ISIS initially stopped
about 250 Kurdish students from
Kobani as they traveled home after taking their middle school exams
in Aleppo on May 29. ISIS released all the girls, around 100, within
a few hours, but kept 153 boys at a school in Manbij, a town 55
kilometers southwest of Kobani.
About 50 of the boys escaped or were released between June and
September, with about 15 of them apparently being exchanged for ISIS
fighters held by the Kurdish armed group, the Peoples Protection
Units (YPG). In late September, ISIS released about 75 of the
remaining boys, including those interviewed by Human Rights Watch.
The four children did not know what prompted their release.
An official from the Democratic Union Party (PYD), the main Kurdish
political party administering
Kobani, told Human Rights Watch that ISIS released the last 25 boys
on October 29. The children are making their way to Turkey because
of the fighting in Kobani, he said.
According to the four children interviewed by Human Rights Watch,
ISIS guards at the Manbij school beat the children who tried to
escape, did poorly in compulsory religious lessons, or did anything
else perceived by their captors as misbehaving. ISIS gave especially
bad treatment to the boys from families that had a relative in the
YPG, the children said.
It was really those whose families were close to the YPG who
suffered most, said one of the boys, aged 15. They [ISIS] told
them to give them the addresses of their families, cousins, uncles,
saying When we go to Kobani we will get them and cut them up. They
saw the YPG as kafir [unbelievers].
The 15-year-old said ISIS guards used an electric cable to beat
children on the hands, back, and soles of their feet, especially
when they misbehaved. He described one incident:
One child who muttered Oh Mother! when he was caught in another
groups room was strung up, suspended with his hands tied behind his
back, one foot tied to his hands, and told he should call on God,
not his mother.
The four boys said ISIS divided the children into eight groups, with
each group sleeping in a different classroom. Each child received
three blankets:two to sleep on the floor and one as a cover. The
guards let them bathe once every two weeks. They provided food twice
per day but did not allow the children to play outside after some of
The children said they got very occasional visits and phone calls
from their parents. They were also initially forbidden from speaking
All of the children described being forced to pray five times a day
and undergoing intense religious instruction. The teachers also
forced them to watch videos of ISIS in combat and beheading captives.
The children said the guards and religious teachers at the school
were a combination of Syrian Arabs and people from Jordan, Libya,
Tunisia, and Saudi Arabia. The Syrians gave the worst beatings,
especially a man named Abu Shehid from near Aleppo, all of them said.
One of the boys, 16, explained more about the frequent beatings:
Those who didnt conform to the program were beaten. They beat us
with a green hose or a thick cable with wire running through it.
They also beat the soles of our feet. The tire was used less often.
I was once put inside the tire and beaten. They sometimes found
excuses to beat us for no reason. The Syrian guards were the worst
and beat us the worst. They made us learn verses of the Quran and
beat those who didnt manage to learn them. When some boys tried to
escape, the treatment got worse and we were all punished and given
The four boys said they got no explanation for their release beyond
that they had finished their religious training. They were given 150
Syrian pounds (US$1), a DVD with religious material, and let go.
In addition to the children abducted in May, ISIS has seized other
children and adult male and female civilians from villages near
Kobani, and is apparently holding some of them hostage as a
bargaining chip for the release of ISIS fighters held by the YPG,
four Kurds from the Kobani area told Human Rights Watch (see details
Taking hostages is a war crime under international humanitarian law
(the laws of armed conflict). The war crime of torture, under
international humanitarian law, is the infliction of severe physical
or mental pain or suffering for purposes such as obtaining
information or a confession, punishment, intimidation, or coercion.
On August 15, the UN Security Council passed resolution 2170,
calling on all member states to take national measures to stop the
flow of foreign fighters, financing, and arms to ISIS, Jabhat
al-Nusra, and any other individual or group associated with al-Qaida.
On September 24, the UN Security Council adopted resolution 2178,
urging states to counter terrorism by establishing screening
measures, effective border controls, and other steps to prevent the
recruitment, organization, and movement of terrorists, including
those affiliated with ISIS. The resolution also urged states to
improve cooperation, pursue prosecutions, and help build the
capacity of other states to fight terrorist groups.
Governments in the Middle East and the West should swiftly
implement the UN Security Council resolutions aimed at curbing
support for ISIS, said Abrahams. To stem ISIS abuses, governments
need to tackle its fundraising and recruitment.
Other Syrian Kurds Taken Hostage by ISIS
A woman and her daughter-in-law from Kunaftar village near Kobani,
interviewed together, said that ISIS had seized two men and 12 women
and children after it captured the village on May 21. A document
prepared by the YPG listed the names and ages of the 14 people, 6 of
whom were children under 10. ISIS released the women and most of the
children on June 28, the day before Ramadan began, but four months
later were still holding the two men and one 17-year-old boy.
The daughter-in-law, 20, said she was one of those detained and
released. She said ISIS held the 14 people in Manbij and
interrogated them without violence about the captives relations to
the YPG. The woman said she gave birth to a baby during her
captivity and ISIS guards took her to a hospital for the delivery.
The womans mother-in-law said she went to the ISIS commander in
Manbij during the groups detention to complain. I went to the emir
of Manbij, Abu Hashim, to plead for him to release them, she said.
He said: Let the YPG release our people who they are holding
prisoner and we will release them.
In Minas village, also near Kobani, ISIS seized seven civilian men
when it captured the village in the beginning of October, a male
relative of two of the captives told Human Rights Watch. Three of
the men had stayed in the village as ISIS advanced; the other four,
including two of the mans uncles, returned after ISIS arrived to
get some personal possessions, he said. The man said he called and
briefly spoke with one of his uncles after the uncle had been caught.
A 40-year-old farmer from Ghassaniya (Helinj in Kurdish) village
said ISIS had abducted four of his nephews, ages 16, 17, 18, and 27
or 28, in late February as they were driving through ISIS-controlled
territory en route to Iraqi Kurdistan. The family found their
abandoned vehicle at a place called Aliya on the Aleppo-Hassakah
road, 10 km west of Tel Tamer, he said. This area was under ISIS
control and I have no doubt that ISIS took them for the purpose of
frightening and terrorizing people, he said.
Two officials from the PYD told Human Rights Watch that the four men
are among an estimated 160 men and boys that ISIS abducted from the
same location in late February as the group was traveling to Iraqi
Kurdistan for work. They reported that none of the group is known to
have been released.
KÜRDİSTAN DEVLETİNİN KURULUŞU TEK AMAÇTIR.
Nasil Türkler'in Türkiye'si, Gürcüler'in Gürcistan'i,
Ermeniler'in Ermenistan'ı varsa Kürtler'in de Kürdistan'i
BU, BÜTÜN MİLLETLERİN EN DOĞAL HAKKIDIR.
tüm Kürdlerin ortak bir bağımsızlık hareketi gelişirse ki,
mümkündür, ABD ve AB devletleri uzun süredir sürdürdükleri
Arap - Türk yanlısı politikalarını değiştirmek durumunda
kalacaklardır ve böylece ilk Kürdistan devletinin ortaya çıkması