By SETH J. FRANTZMAN

Civilians have been killed and villagers threatened by Turkey’s widespread airstrikes in northern Iraq. Ankara claims to be fighting “terrorists” but has used disproportionate force. Activists fear that Christian minorities, already threatened by Turkey’s invasions of northern Syria, will have to flee again.The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom has condemned Turkey’s operation “Claw Eagle,” launched last week. Airstrikes pounded Sinjar, the area where Yazidi minorities are recovering from the 2014 ISIS genocide. Following the airstrikes, Turkey launched wide ranging attacks into the mountains of northern Iraq in the autonomous Kurdistan region.

Although Turkey claims it is fighting the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), there have been no terror attacks on the country. Additionally, recent revelations from former national security advisor John Bolton’s book paint Turkey as merely carrying out attacks to feed nationalism at home and to strike at Kurds throughout the Middle East.Kurdistan24 reported that Turkish jets hit an area in Dohuk province on Saturday that came near a Christian village called Bersev. There are 300 minority families in the vulnerable area. And there are reports of civilian casualties in the mountains.Turkey is a NATO member and is supposed to uphold the organization’s values. In recent years Turkey has invaded the Kurdish region of Afrin in Syria and more than 160,000 Kurds were forced to flee. In October 2019, Turkey invaded Tel Abyad, another area in northern Syria, and some 200,000 people fled.Turkish-backed extremists, which US memos labelled “jihadi mercenaries” attacked civilians, murdering Kurdish female activist Hevrin Khalaf. Turkish far-right pro-government media labeled the murder of Khalaf, who was unarmed, as the “neutralization of a terrorist.” There was no evidence that she or the other 300,000 people forced to flee by Turkey’s invasions engaged in terrorism. In addition, Turkish-backed Syrian rebels have kidnapped women in Afrin and destroyed Yazidi shrines and graves.The airstrikes in northern Iraq now target areas where coexistence has existed between Christians and Kurds, raining down bombs where children play in their parents’ yards. A source told local media that airstrikes have damaged property.

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